Foundations of Western Civilization II A History of the Modern Western World explores these and other riveting questions. In lectures, award winning Professor Robert Bucholz of Loyola University of Chicago teaches not only the history of Western civilization but also the meaning of civilization itself..Follow the evolution of Western civilization, from its humble beginnings to the dawn of the modern world. ideas, and events that make up The Foundations of Western Civilization, award winning scholar and . Me.val Political Traditions, II..The evolution of western civilization spans centuries of cultural and historical development, including Socratic philosophy, Alexander the Great, the Pax Romana. of Me.val Political Traditions, II. Me.val Political Traditions, II. min..